Fluide & Liquid Heating

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Fluide & Liquid Heating

The heating of tanks is a common industrial practice in many applications. Heating may be required to maintain pumping viscosity of heavy oil or resins, to prevent crystalline precipitation (sodium hydroxide), to facilitate production processes, for freeze protection, and hundreds of other applications. MATRUSREE offers literally hundreds of ways of heating tanks of all sizes. Included in this guide is an overview of the types of tank heating approaches. The manual is not meant to be a complete guide to each of these heating methods, rather an overview of what is available. Once a specific method is selected, further investigation should be made into the suitability of the heater for the application. Finally, the manual is a detailed guide on sizing heaters for large tanks. This guide includes sizing details that are beyond the scope of the sizing guide presented in the general catalog.

Required Sizing Information

For any application it is essential that complete data be obtained and understood before an evaluation and selection of a suitable heating system can be made. Specifically you will need:

  • Specific heat
  • Heated material specific gravity and/or density
  • Temperature rise or temperature to be maintained
  • Heat up or temperature recovery times
  • Process additions to tank
    • Volume
    • Incoming temperature
  • Minimum low ambient temperature exposure
  • Tank size, configuration, material of construction, and detail of nozzles and legs
  • Insulation
    • Thickness
    • k-factor
  • Hazardous/non-hazardous service area
  • Location - indoor/outdoor
  • Wind conditions - velocity
  • Environmental considerations
  • Code requirements.

Heating Application

Nearly every major industrial process requires tank heating in some form or another. The major industries employing extensive tank facilities are:

  • Refining and petrochemical operations
  • Waste and environmental operations
  • Terminal installations loading/unloading
  • Pulp and paper operations
  • Water storage and fire towers
  • Utilities
  • Mining operations
  • Bulk storage, bins and silos
  • Agriculture plants
  • Food production plants
  • Airports.

Commonly heated Materials

list of some materials commonly stored and heated in tanks is listed as follows:

Liquids and aqueous based solutions: